In reality, the number of Christian slaves was likely closer to a few thousand at most and the chambers popularly called "prisons" were actually storage rooms for grain and supplies. Meknès (en amazigh : ⴰⵎⴽⵏⴰⵙ Ameknas ; en arabe : مكناس Mknas) est une ville du nord du Maroc fondée en 711 par la tribu amazighe des Meknassas, qui lui a donné son nom. In the 2014 census, the High Commission for Planning gave the legal population of the city of Meknes as 632,079, The reign of Moulay Isma'il (17th–18th centuries), Later Alaouite period (18th–20th centuries). The square's name, el-Hedim, means "the rubble/debris" and refers to the demolitions which Moulay Isma'il carried out here during the construction of his palaces. Boulmane , Nonetheless, Meknes, like other cities, also hosts resistance to French authority.  In the early 19th century, Sultan Moulay Abd ar-Rahman added a loggia structure in front of Bab al-Mansur which served as a meeting place for ceremonies and the governor's tribunal, though this structure was later removed. La région comprenait 15 communes urbaines et 48 communes rurales réparties dans les préfectures et provinces suivantes : la préfecture de Fès ;  His son and brief successor, Moulay Ahmad ad-Dhahabi , carried out modifications to his father's mausoleum during his two brief reigns (in 1727–28 and 1728–29) and was himself buried here in 1729. Moulay Ismaïl created a massive imperial palace complex and endowed the city with extensive fortifications and monumental gates. La violente tempête de grêle qui a frappé samedi soir la région Fès-Meknès a affecté une superficie qui pourrait atteindre 9.100 hectares au niveau de 27 communes rurales de la région, indique dimanche le ministère de l’Agriculture, de la Pêche maritime, du Développement rural et des Eaux et forêt.La plupart des provinces de la région ont été touchées, à l’exception de la La région comprend les préfectures et provinces suivantes : La région de Fès-Meknès est soumise à 3 types de climats : Le relief de la région est constitué essentiellement des collines au pied du Rif dans la zone du Nord, des montagnes du Moyen Atlas, des hautes collines du Missour et des plaines de Saïss. The winter highs typically reach only 15.5 °C (59.9 °F) in December–January, whereas night temperatures average 5 °C (41 °F). Below is a list of some of its main areas and monuments. Ajoutons également le tourisme de montagne qui occupe une place importante dans la région, et ce grâce à l’existence d'atouts importants et diversifiés particulièrement: la diversité naturelle, la multiplicité des sites, la présence des sources, des lacs, des forêts et des cascades. , Vaulted passage in the palace ruins of the Dar el-Kebira neighbourhood, Ornate gate of the Dar al-Makhzen in Meknes, The ruins of the Roman town of Volubilis (Oualili), another UNESCO World Heritage Site, are about half an hour to the north, as is the village and important pilgrimage site of Moulay Idriss Zerhoun..  This also leads to a greater influence of the cities over their surrounding countryside and growing urbanization.  The monumental gate known as Bab al-Mansur al-'Alj, overlooking Place al-Hedim, was only finished in 1732 by his son Moulay Abdallah. Afternoon temperatures generally rise 10–14 °C above the low on most days. La superficie totale agricole utile est de 1.340.826 Ha 15% de la superficie agricole utile nationale; Les céréales constituent la principale culture de la région (15% de la production nationale). The most notable monuments are listed below. Cet article est partiellement ou en totalité issu de l'article intitulé «. The latter included the Bou Inania Madrasa (built in 1336) and two other madrasas, Madrasa al-Qadi and Madrasa Shuhud, all built by Sultan Abu el-Hassan. The year 2016 marks a new era of industry in the city of Meknes; it includes electrical wire, embedded systems, and automotive parts production companies. Sefrou To its south and south-east are the rich cedar forests and mountains of the Middle Atlas mountains with the cities Ifrane and Azrou; and more to the south are the rich oases of Tafilalt. INDICATEURS DEMOGRAPHIQUES DONNEES GLOBALES, RGPH 2014 ة٭ٌارووٝ٬د٘ا … To the west are the two largest metropolitan areas of Morocco: Casablanca and Rabat. Elle englobe depuis 2003 les anciennes préfectures de Meknès-El Menzeh et d'Al Ismaïlia. Ifrane.  However, at the beginning of the 13th century the Almohad caliph Muhammad al-Nasir (ruled 1199–1213) rebuilt the city and its fortifications, as well as its Grand Mosque.  Since then, the square has become the focus of various activities including evening entertainers such as storytellers, acrobats, and musicians.  Some sources attribute the effective founding of a settlement here to a group of small Miknasa villages known as miknāsat al-zaytūn in the 10th century. Cette section est vide, insuffisamment détaillée ou incomplète. Casablanca Port is 246 km far from Agropolis and Tanger-Med Port is 382 km away. :142 He carried out renovations to the Grand Mosque and the nearby Madrasa al-Qadi (which he devotes to students from the Tafilalt), and founded the Zitouna Mosque. Fès-Meknès (in arabo: فاس مكناس, in berbero: ⴼⴻⵙ-ⵎⴻⴽⵏⴰⵙ) è una delle 12 Regioni del Marocco in vigore dal 2015.. La regione comprende le prefetture e province di: Prefettura di Fès; Prefettura di Meknès; Provincia di Moulay Yacoub; Provincia di Boulemane Concernant les ressources en eau, la région est drainée par d’importants cours d’eau, dont …  Khnata bent Bakkar, one of his wives who was vizier (minister) under him (and briefly became de facto ruler of Morocco in 1728 after his death), was responsible for founding the Bab Berda'in Mosque, completed in 1709. The city became a transportation hub for people and goods traveling from east to west or from north to south across the country, in addition to hosting extensive military barracks. - Ciudades y pueblos del mundo  In addition to his possible attachment to the city as a governor, a number of reasons may have favoured this choice. :129 One may have been the fact that Ismail had to fight hard to reconquer both Fes and Marrakesh from his rival nephew (Ahmad al-Mahriz, son of Moulay Rashid) during the first years of his reign, which may have rendered him skeptical towards both cities as possible centers of power. :467–468 Moreover, Moulay Rashid had garrisoned much of Fes with his own contingents from the Tafilalt and eastern Morocco while Moulay Isma'il was forming his own personal royal guard composed of Black slaves ('abid) from Sub-Saharan Africa, and there may have been concerns that not all these contingents could be garrisoned simultaneously in Fes. The new French authorities took interest in the conservation of historic monuments in the old city; the madrasas, for example, were restored in 1922. :234 Moulay Isma'il also undertook works throughout the old city too. Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en l’améliorant (comment ?) La Région de Fès-Meknès (en arabe : جهة فاس مكناس, en amazighe: Tamnaḍt en Fas-Meknas, ⵜⴰⵎⵏⴰⴹⵜ ⵏ ⴼⴰⵙ-ⵎⴽⵏⴰⵙ) est une des douze nouvelles régions du Maroc instituées par le découpage territorial de 2015. Its climate is similar to some inland cities in southern Portugal (such as Beja or Évora) and some areas of southern Spain. Taounate The ulema (religious scholars) of Fes were also particularly disapproving of his ways, including his use of slaves (many of whom were of Muslim background), and maintained tense relations with him throughout his reign. Un climat semi-aride dans les hautes collines de Boulemane, où la moyenne des précipitations n'excède pas le cap des 250 mm. centre Nord du Royaume et couvre une superficie de 39 044 Km², soit 5.47% du territoire national en plus qu’elle se caractérise par une diversité des milieux physiques et des conditions naturelles. It occupies the site of the city's former medieval kasbah (citadel) and stretches over an area approximately four times larger than the old city itself.  The first kasbah (citadel or governor's district) of Meknes was created afterwards by sultan Abu Yusuf Ya'qub in 1276 CE – the same year that the citadel of Fes el-Jdid was built in nearby Fes, the new capital.  He also built several other kasbahs or garrison forts throughout the city to house his 'abid troops and help protect (and control) the rest of the town, such as the Kasbah Hadrash and the Kasbah Tizimi. The high elevation, fertility and the fresh water of those lands favor the cultivation of fruits and vegetables, most notably: peaches, nectarines, prunes, apples, potatoes, onions and garlic. Meknes is the seat of the prefecture of Meknès, which consists of 6 municipalities (including the city Meknes) and 15 rural communes.. :199 During this period Meknes also became a center of agriculture and viniculture, led mainly by French colonists who appropriated large amounts of land nearby. Près de 40% de cette superficie se concentre au niveau de la province de Taounate. La moyenne des précipitations dépasse les 700 mm avec des chutes de grêles et des inondations suite aux averses. Meknes (Arabic: مكناس, romanized: maknās; Berber languages: ⴰⵎⴽⵏⴰⵙ, romanized: amknas) is one of the four Imperial cities of Morocco, located in northern central Morocco and the sixth largest city by population in the kingdom. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 25 juillet 2020 à 01:26. Often compared to the Jemaa el-Fnaa square in Marrakesh, el-Hedim Square (Place el-Hedim) is a vast plaza at the southern end of the old city, before the main gates of Moulay Isma'il's former royal palace complex. Each year Meknes holds the International Agriculture Show in Morocco(French: Salon International de l'Agriculture au Maroc) since April 2006. , After the installation of French colonial rule in Morocco in 1912, the French administration created a new city (Ville Nouvelle) on a nearby plateau across the valley on the northeast side of the old city.  During this period, Meknes was frequently the residence of Marinid princes (often appointed there as governors) and especially of viziers. Il s'agit de l'une des quatre villes impériales du Maroc et la troisième plus grande ville du royaume selon le re… Meknes has large industrial units for milk and dairy production that fulfill most of the needs of the region. Agropolis welcomes investors in a first-class environment offering infrastructure that meets international norms as well as a wide range of real estate services, notably equipped plots of land and delegated management possibilities at competitive rates. Its construction continued throughout the 55 years of his reign, beginning immediately after his accession to the throne in 1672. Many of the services products in Meknes are related to tourism due to the attractions of the old city district (the medina). He refortified the walls and built new monumental city gates such as Bab Berda'in and Bab Khemis. A December 2015 World Bank report classified Meknes as one of the three most competitive cities in Africa. La violente tempête de grêle qui a frappé samedi soir la région Fès-Meknès a affecté une superficie qui pourrait atteindre 9.100 hectares au niveau de 27 communes rurales de la région, indique dimanche le ministère de l’Agriculture, de la Pêche maritime, du Développement rural et des Eaux et forêt. Informaciones disponibles : Población, Superficie y Hotel. "Mayor roles and responsibilities", Meknes Web Site, web: "Prefect Biography", Meknes Web Site, web: "Meknes Elevation and Altitude", Elevationmap.net, web: El Khammar, Abdeltif (2005). , Following Moulay Isma'il's death, however, the political situation in Morocco degenerated into relative anarchy as his sons competed for power. Meknes is located in a strategic position in the heart of Morocco. The icon links to further information about a selected place including its population structure (gender, age groups, age distribution, … It was composed of several autonomous palaces along with vast gardens, religious buildings, and other amenities. Découvrez les produits de terroir du Maroc et spécifiquement de la région Fes-Meknes sur notre site web www.cozane.ma.  The city recorded a population of 632,079 in the 2014 Moroccan census. :63 Following Morocco's independence in 1956, the changes which began or accelerated under French rule still continue to run their course. La superficie totale des terres irriguées est de l’ordre de 1.251.456 hectares, soit 9% de la superficie totale des terres agricoles de la région. The nearest airport is Fes-Saïss Airport (IATA: FEZ, ICAO: GMFF) accessible only by road transport. Large scale rural migration increases the population of the city and intensifies the urbanization process (as elsewhere in the country). :191–192 Some roads in the old city were widened to accommodate greater circulation, but most of the new development took place in the Ville Nouvelle. Meknes has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa) with continental influences. cluster dedicated to agribusiness. He added the Dar al-Bayda Palace in the Agdal garden to the southeast of the main palace complex, which was later turned into a royal military academy. The temperatures shifts from cool in winter to hot days in the summer months of June–September. Moulay Yaâcoub Pour plus d'information sur la Région Fès meknès nous vous recommandons le site officiel du Conseil Régional du Tourisme Fès Meknès : www.visitfesmeknes.ma. Sultan Muhammad ibn Abdallah, who ruled between 1757 and 1790, built a number of projects in the city. "New Report Highlights the World's Most Competitive Cities", The World Bank, web: "International Agriculture Show in Morocco", SIAM, web: Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of twin towns and sister cities in Morocco, "POPULATION LÉGALE DES RÉGIONS, PROVINCES, PRÉFECTURES, MUNICIPALITÉS, ARRONDISSEMENTS ET COMMUNES DU ROYAUME D'APRÈS LES RÉSULTATS DU RGPH 2014", "Note de présentation des premiers résultats du Recensement Général de la Population et de l'Habitat 2014", "Les relations entre ville et ensemble palatial dans les " villes impériales " marocaines : Marrakech et Meknès", "Trois mois après le drame de la mosquée Khnata Bent Bakkar à Meknès : Retour chez les miraculés", "Meknes, the city of endless heritage | Saad Guerraoui", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "Mausoleum of Sidi Ben Aïssa | Meknes, Morocco Attractions", "Borj BelKari Museum | Meknes | Morocco Guide", "Détermination de la structure géologique de la partie Sud de la plaine du Saïss (bassin de Meknès-Fès, Maroc) par la méthode géoélectrique", "English Presentation of Meknes Agropolis", MEDZ, CDG Group, web, "توقيع توامتين مع سونون الفرنسية و طولكرم الفلسطينية", http://www.planetware.com/tourist-attractions-/meknes-mar-mek-mek.htm, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Meknes&oldid=991941555, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Articles needing additional references from August 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, A large network of buses that cover all the area of the. 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